Structural Composition and Machinable Materials of Laser Cutting Machine

Xintian Laser Cutting Machine

The application of the laser industry is mainly divided into two working methods: laser cutting and laser carving. The equipment used for cutting is usually called laser cutting machines, and these two types of equipment have different purposes. Now, let’s mainly learn about the structural composition of laser cutting machines and the range of materials that can be processed.

Composition and structure of laser cutting machine

Laser cutting machines are generally composed of several parts, including the laser, optical path, and mechanical structure (collectively referred to as the host) that drives and supports the optical path, cooling system, gas supply system, power supply, and control system.

Analysis of the Functions of Various Parts of Laser Cutting Machine

Machine tool host part: Laser cutting machine tool part, which realizes mechanical chalk and shovel movement of the X, Y, and Z axes. The platform is equipped with the most powerful machine height components and can generate laser light according to the control program. Laser generator: Device for generating laser light source. External optical path: Refractive mirror, used to guide the laser in the required direction. In order to prevent the beam path from malfunctioning, all area mirrors should be protected with protective covers and connected to a clean positive pressure protection CNC system: control the machine tool to achieve the movement of the X, Y, and z axes, and also control the stable power supply of the laser; The main function between the CNC machine and the power supply system is to prevent the movement of the cutting head along the Z-axis through a floating capacitive sensor and auxiliary drive. It is composed of servo motors, screw rods or gears, and other transmission components.

Operation console: used to control the working process of the entire cutting device.

Water chiller: used to cool the laser generator. A laser is a device that converts electrical energy into light energy. For example, a CO2 gas laser typically has a conversion rate of 20%, and the remaining energy is converted into heat. Cooling water takes away excess heat to maintain the normal operation of the laser generator. The chiller also cools the external light path reflector and focusing mirror of the machine tool to ensure stable beam transmission quality and effectively prevent deformation or cracking caused by excessively high lens temperature.

Gas cylinder: including the working medium gas cylinder and auxiliary gas cylinder of the laser cutting machine, which are used to supplement the Industrial gas of the laser vibration and supply the auxiliary gas for the cutting head.

Air compressor and air storage tank: provide and store compressed air.

Air cooling dryer and filter: used to supply clean dry air to the laser generator and beam path to maintain the normal operation of the path and reflector.

Exhaust and dust removal machine: Extract the smoke and dust generated during processing, and filter them to ensure that the exhaust emissions meet environmental protection standards. Slag removal machine: Analyze the total amount of leftover materials and waste generated during processing. The role of laser cutting machine brings immeasurable wealth to the development of society, solves the demanding requirements of precision, precision, and beauty in our daily life, and brings us infinite creative products.

Laser cutting machine can process materials

Cutting of metal sheets and pipes, including stainless steel, carbon steel, alloy steel, silicon steel, spring steel, aluminum, aluminum alloy, galvanized sheet, aluminized zinc plate, pickled sheet copper, silver, gold, titanium, etc.