Comparison of laser cutting,water cutting,plasma cutting,wire cutting – XT LASER Annie

1.Application range comparison
Laser cutting machines have a wide range of applications, both metal and non-metal can be cut, non-metals, such as cloth, leather, etc., can be cut with CO2 laser cutting machines, and metals can be cut with fiber laser cutting machines. Plate deformation is small.

Water cutting is a cold state cutting, no thermal deformation, good quality of the cutting surface, no need for secondary processing, if necessary, it is easy to perform secondary processing. Water cutting can punch and cut any material, with fast cutting speed and flexible processing size.

Plasma cutting machine can be used for cutting various metal materials such as stainless steel, aluminum, copper, cast iron, carbon steel, etc. Plasma cutting has obvious thermal effect, low precision, and the cutting surface is not easy for secondary processing.

Wire cutting can only cut conductive materials, and cutting coolant is required during the cutting process, so it cannot be cut to materials such as paper and leather that are non-conductive, afraid of water, and afraid of cutting coolant pollution.

2.Cut thickness comparison
The industrial application of laser cutting carbon steel is generally less than 20mm. The cutting capacity is generally below 40mm. The industrial application of stainless steel is generally below 16mm, and the cutting capacity is generally below 25mm. And as the thickness of the workpiece increases, the cutting speed decreases significantly.
Breaking through 30mm fiber laser cutting sheet.

The thickness of water cutting can be very thick, 0.8-100mm, or even thicker materials.

The plasma cutting thickness is 0-120mm, and the plasma system with the best cutting quality range of about 20mm is the most cost-effective.

The thickness of wire cutting is generally 40-60mm, and the maximum thickness can reach 600m.

3.Cutting speed comparison
Using a laser with a power of 1200W to cut a 2mm thick low carbon steel plate, the cutting speed can reach 600cm/min; when cutting a 5mm thick polypropylene resin plate, the cutting speed can reach 1200cm/min. The cutting efficiency that WEDM can achieve is generally 20 to 60 square millimeters/min, and the highest is 300 square millimeters/min; obviously, the laser cutting speed is fast and can be used for mass production.
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The water cutting speed is quite slow and not suitable for mass production.

Plasma cutting has slow cutting speed and low relative precision, and is more suitable for cutting thick plates, but the end face has a slope.

For metal processing, wire cutting has higher precision, but the speed is very slow. Sometimes it is necessary to use other methods for additional perforation and wire threading to cut, and the cutting size is greatly limited.

4.Comparison of cutting accuracy
The laser cutting incision is narrow, the two sides of the incision are parallel and perpendicular to the surface, and the dimensional accuracy of the cut parts can reach ±0.2mm.

Plasma can reach within 1mm.

Water cutting will not produce thermal deformation, and the accuracy is ±0.1mm. If the dynamic water cutting machine is used, the cutting accuracy can be improved, and the cutting accuracy can reach ±0.02mm, eliminating the cutting slope.

The machining accuracy of wire cutting is generally ±0.01~±0.02mm, and the maximum can reach ±0.004mm.

5.Slit width comparison
Compared with plasma cutting, laser cutting is more precise, and the kerf is small, about 0.5mm.

Plasma cutting kerf is larger than laser cutting, about 1-2mm.

The slit of water cutting is about 10% larger than the diameter of the knife tube, generally 0.8-1.2mm. As the diameter of the sand knife tube expands, the incision becomes larger.

The slit width of wire cutting is the smallest, generally around 0.1-0.2mm.

6.Comparison of cutting surface quality
The surface roughness of laser cutting is not as good as that of water cutting, and the thicker the material, the more obvious it is.

Water cutting does not change the texture of the material around the cut seam (laser is thermal cutting and will change the texture around the cut area).

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